|The Battle of Badr|
|Islamic Articles - Islamic History|
|Monday, 20 December 2010 22:34|
THE BATTLE OF BADR (17 RAMADHAAN 2 A.H.)
It was common knowledge in Makkah and Madinah that Abul Hakam Umar bin Hishaam (Abu Jahl) was planning an attack against the Muslims. He incited the Quraish to avenge the death of Amr bin al-Hazramee at Nakhla.
At the beginning of Ramdhaan, Rasulullah called an assembly of Muslims and informed them that a Quraish trading caravan heavily laden with goods including armoury, was returning to Makkah from Syria. Rasulullah said:
Since a full scale battle was not expected, Rasulullah left Madinah on the 12th Ramadhaan with 313 poorly-equipped Sahaaba (R.A.) 70 camels and 2 horses. At times two or three Sahaaba (R.A.) took turns to ride on each camel. Rasulullah appointed Hazrat Abu Lubaba bin Muzir (R.A.) as governor of Madinah and sent him back. Before reaching Safra, Rasulullah sent Basbas bin Amr Johnee (R.A.) and Adee bin Abi Zaghba (R.A.) ahead as scouts to ascertain the whereabouts of Abu Soofyan who led the Quraish trade caravan.
In the meantime Abu Soofyan was informed by some travellers that the Muslims were approaching in his direction. He duly sent Dam Dam Ghaffaaree to Makkah with the message that Nabi was on his way to intercept and attack him and that the Quraish should rush to his aid if they wish to save the caravan.
There was an uproar in Makkah when the message was received by the Quraish. Nearly every family had invested their wealth in this particular trade mission as their aim was to use the entire profits to prepare for a war which would crush the Muslims forever. Abu Jahl bin Hishaam, the sworn enemy of the Muslims, prepared an army of 1000 well-equipped warriors, with 700 camels and 300 horses. With the exception of Abu Lahab bin Abdul Muttalib, all chiefs of every clan in Makkah were ready for war to save their caravan. Some of them had invested all their money and were dependent on its success.
Meantime, Hazrat Basbas bin Amr Johnee (R.A.) and Hazrat Adee bin Abi Zaghabaa (R.A.), the two Muslim scouts, reached Badr and learnt from the conversation ot two women at the oasis that Abu Soofyaan’s caravan was due to arrive at Badr in a short time. They reported this information to Rasulullah . When Abu Soofyan reached Badr his shrewd observations of tell-tale signs of camels droppings and date pits, forewarned him of the Muslims presence in the vicinity. Immediately he changed directions. He sent a second message to the Quraish that he was safely on his way and that the Quraish army should return to Makkah.
‘O Rasulullah we are at you service. We are not cowards frightened or unfaithful like the tribe of Isra’eel who said to Hazrat Moosa (A.S.) when called upon to fight in the path of Allah: ‘Go thou and thy lord and fight. We will sit here’. We will fight to the right of you, to the left of you, in front of you and behind you’. Hazrat Sa’ad bin Muaz (R.A.) the chief of the Ansaar time again hearing Rasulullah asking for opinions said:
A Divine revelation to Rasulullah further bolstered the spirit of the faithful, as the survival of Islam depended on the outcome of this confrontation. It was to be a battle between truth and falsehood.
With this small band of brave Sahaaba (R.A.) Rasulullah reached Badr and had to contend with the situation where loose sand hampered their movement and the holy water spring was already taken up by the enemy camp. But suddenly, by Divine command a torrential rain came down. Rasulullah instructed the Sahaaba ( R.A.) to quickly build ponds to store the rain water. The ground under them hardened. On the other hand, the Quraish were seen slithering and sliding in sand and mud.
The Sahaaba (R.A.) built a shelter for Rasulullah on a high mound from which position, Rasulullah had commanding view of the plain below. The Sahaaba (R.A.) took turns to stand guard over Rasulullah at the entrance of the shelter. Towards evening Rasulullah sent Hazrat Ali bin Abu Talib (R.A.), Hazrat Zubair bin Awaam (R.A.), Hazrat Sa’ad bin abi Waqaas (R.A.) and a few other Muslims to scan the enemy’s movement. They managed to capture two slaves of the Quraish who gave the Muslims valuable information of the enemy and the number of their animals
At nightfall, no Muslim dared to think of sleep knowing well the type of treachery the enemy was capable of. Rasulullah spent the night in meditation and prayer, entreating for help of Allah and for victory for the handful Muslims. He exclaimed:
‘O Allah should this small group of believers perish this day, no one will be left on earth to worship you and carry your message to the world’. The next morning, on Friday 17th Ramadhaan 2 A.H. Rasulullah arranged the military formation of his small army. As per Arabian tradition, three of the Quraish warriors, Utbah bin Rabi’ah, his brother Shaibah bin Rabi’ah and Waleed bin Shaibah Rabi’ah (son of Shaibah) advanced into the open space which divided the Muslims from the idolaters. They challenged three warriors from the Muslim rank in single combat. Hazrat Auf bin Ufra (R.A.), his brother Hazrat Muawwaz bin Ufra (R.A.) and Hazrat Abdullah bin Rawaha (R.A.) came out to face the three Kuffaar warriors. When Utbah bin Rabi’ah realized that the three warriors were from the Ansaar, he shouted:
By Divine Command Hazrat Jibra’eel (A.S.) advised Rasulullah to pick a handful of sand and throw it in the midst of the enemy. The result was that the Kuffaar began to flee in all directions, It was a Divine victory for the Muslims. Seventy kuffaar soldiers were killed, seventy kuffaar were taken prisoners and the rest fled the battlefield.
Two very young Muslim youths from the Ansaar, Hazrat Muaz bin Ufra (R.A.) and Hazrat Muaz bin Amr bin Jamooh (R.A.) had taken a vow to kill Abu Jahl. They had strong feelings of dislike for Abu Jahl as he had treated Rasulullah with extreme abuse. Abu Jahl deserved death for his wickedness. When Abu Jahl was pointed out to them, the youth set upon him, riddled his body with wounds and left him for dead on the ground.
During the battle Hazrat Bilal (R.A.) spotted Umayyah bin Khalaf, his former cruel master and he recalled the tortures Umayyah had meted out to him. Inspite of the pleading of Hazrat Abdur-Rahmaan bin Auf (R.A.), who had been Umayyah’s friend, the Muslims pounced on him and killed him.
After the battle, there was much speculation among the people as to the part played by Rasulullah in throwing a handful of sand which defeated the powerful army of the Quraish. But a Divine revelation followed to this effect:
It was the battle of ‘good against ‘evil’. Evil was defeated and good had triumphed.
Rasulullah sent a message of glad tidings to Madinah. When Hazrat Zaid bin Harith (R.A.) and his adopted son Hazrat Ibn-i-Ruhah (R.A.) reached Madinah with the good news of victory, they found Hazrat Uthman bin Affan (R.A.) and others having completed the funeral rites of Hazrat Roqayyah (R.A.) the beloved daughter of Rasulullah . Hazrat Uthman bin Affan (R.A.) was exempted from taking part in the Battle of Badr so that he could remain behind and take care of his ailing wife, Hazrat Ruqayyah (R.A.). Later, Rasulullah gave his daughter Hazrat Umme Kulthoom (R.A.) in marriage to Hazrat Uthman (R.A.) . By virtue of his marriage to the two daughters of Rasulullah , Hazrat Uthman (R.A.) was honoured with the title of ‘Zun-Nurain’- the possessor of two lights.
On reaching Madinah, Rasulullah gave the question of the prisoners top priority. Countrary to all treatment and customs of the Arabs, the prisoners were treated with the greatest level of humanity. Rasulullah gave strict orders that respect should be paid to their misfortunes, and they should be treated with kindness.The Sahaaba (R.A.) to whose care he entrusted them, faithfully obeyed his instructions. Those of the prisoners who had no clothes, were provided with dress, and they were fed on par with the Muslims. They shared their own food with the prisoners, giving them bread which forms the best part of their meals, satisfying themselves with dates alone. A Quraishi prisoner in later days remarked:
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 20 July 2011 19:52|